Read Time: 10 mins

Excerpt: In a time when cybersecurity is the most important form of security, it is important that we know the basics of it. In this article, we will explore the basic aspects of cybersecurity and its importance.

Cyber Security

Headlines about cyber security have been increasingly common in recent years. Customers' social security numbers are stolen from computer systems at businesses. Hackers steal passwords and personal information from social media sites, as well as corporate secrets from the cloud. Keeping information safe is an increasing concern for individuals and businesses of all kinds.

What is CyberSecurity?

All of the technologies and techniques used to keep computer systems and electronic data safe are referred to as cyber security. It's a huge and expanding field in a world where we're doing more and more of our work and social lives online.

"Cyber security is the art of protecting networks, devices, and data against unauthorized access or illegal use, as well as the practice of assuring information confidentiality, integrity, and availability," according to the Cyber Security and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).

Why CyberSecurity is Important?

When it comes to our privacy and security, we can't afford to be complacent. It can be difficult to safeguard people and businesses from cyber dangers now that cyber attackers are growing more inventive and consumers have several devices. Understanding the reasons for taking security measures is critical not only for the protection of our company but also for the protection of each individual's personal information.

Cybersecurity Topics/Types You Should Know About

In present times there are different dimensions of cybersecurity. Adding to that, in a time when data is the most precious resource, one must know certain aspects of cybersecurity and its importance. Let’s dive into knowing them.

  • Cloud Security

Cloud security, also known as cloud computing security, is the process of defending cloud-based data, applications, and infrastructure against cyber assaults and threats.

The goals of cloud security, which is a subset of cybersecurity, are the same. Administrators must secure assets that are located within a third-party service provider's infrastructure, which is where cloud security varies from traditional cybersecurity.

Importance of Cloud Security

Business-critical applications and data are migrating to third-party cloud service providers as enterprise cloud usage increases (CSPs). Most major CSPs include standard cybersecurity tools with monitoring and alerting functions in their service offerings, but in-house information technology (IT) security staff may find that these tools are insufficient, implying that there are cybersecurity gaps between what the CSP provides and what the enterprise requires. Data theft and loss become more likely as a result.

Because no organisation or cloud service provider can completely eliminate all security threats and vulnerabilities, business leaders must weigh the advantages of cloud adoption against the level of data security risk they are ready to accept.

  • Mobile Security and BYOD

Many companies now allow their employees to utilise personal mobile devices for work-related tasks. Bring your own device (BYOD) is a growing trend that allows employees to access corporate resources from home or while teleworking. Assisting with the protection of an organization's data when it is accessible through personal devices presents distinct problems and threats.

  • Application Security

Hardware, software, methods, and procedures that have the potential or ability to identify or reduce security vulnerabilities are included in application security. The concept of application security is "a set of disciplines of tools used during the development, design, and throughout the lifecycle of an application to discover and correct flaws."

Within an application, many security applications are designed to aid enterprises in keeping their applications secure and safe. The former is a hardware application security used to protect the IP address from hackers, and the latter defines the numerous activities that are permitted and banned.

Importance of Application Security

Because of advancements in technology and programming, a variety of applications are now available on numerous networks and are frequently connected to the cloud, making them more vulnerable to hacker attacks. As a result, application security is unavoidable, and it's a wonderful method to keep your apps safe from unauthorised access. Businesses rely on this to prevent sensitive data from being tampered with or stolen.

Businesses rely on application security to secure intellectual property and sensitive data due to the large number of applications used by internal and external stakeholders. The increasing pressure of application security risks from hackers now, more than ever before, necessitates application security for today's business survival.

3. Network Security

In its most basic form, network security is a set of procedures that prohibit unwanted access to a computer system. Users and devices linked to a network can function without fear of data breaches once the network is safe. Some limits may be enforced in a well-secured network, though.

Network security will be implemented using highly complex tactics supported by hardware and software by network specialists. In general, every corporation should have a dedicated person, persons, or company (depending on the scale) in charge of network security.

Importance of Network Security

When operating via a network, all of the data you send and receive is dependent on the network's security to ensure that only the intended recipients have access to it. Both conventional LAN networks and WiFi networks are vulnerable to assault.

If you're connecting to an insecure network. The hacker may be able to gain access to the entire network, giving them access to anything that is sent or received across it. Forget about privacy; everything will be filtered through the hacker, who will be able to manipulate the data flowing across the network.

Not only will a secure network filter out spyware, but it will also add layers of defence against any future cyber attacks. It accomplishes this by dividing all data travelling in and out of the network into many tiny packets. It then separates each packet and encrypts it before sending it out over numerous channels. Even if someone manages to break into your system, they will never have access to all of your information in one location.

  • Threat Management

Threat management entails combining detection systems such as intrusion detection systems (IDS), event management systems (SIEM), and security information systems (SIS), among others. The purpose of the security tool is to monitor and counter-threat the corporate network proactively.

Importance of Threat Management

Organizations are continuously fighting to stay up with mitigation and prevention solutions as the number of threats and complicated network and system attacks continues to grow. Businesses and other organisations can save an average of $1.2 million by detecting data breaches sooner, according to an IBM article on the Cost of a Data Breach. Organizations now more than ever need to manage cyber security threats. Threat management improves coordination across common technology security processes and people, giving firms the best opportunity of recognising and responding to attacks quickly. When a company or organisation is able to successfully adopt a cyber threat management framework, they can take advantage of several beneficial solutions, including:

  • Create a cohesive security team by combining education, skills, and threat management solutions.
  •  Throughout the threat management lifecycle, improvement is achieved through built-in process reporting and measurement.
  • Lower risk and faster threat detection, resulting in consistent results. 
  • Data Protection And Encryption

Data encryption converts information into a code that can only be read by persons who have a secret key (also known as a decryption key) or a password. Ciphertext refers to encrypted data, while plaintext refers to data that has not been encrypted. Encryption is currently one of the most widely utilised and successful data protection solutions. Asymmetric encryption (also known as public-key encryption) and symmetric encryption are the two basic types of data encryption available.

Importance of Data Encryption

Encryption of data is a critical privacy measure. They won't be able to read or use your encrypted data if they get unauthorised access to it. As a result, data encryption serves as the last line of protection in the fight against cybercrime.

Encryption is critical for data security since it can significantly lessen the impact of a data breach. Companies in the healthcare, banking, education, and other essential industries are required to encrypt their data because no system is completely secure.

  • Identity and Access Management

Identity and access management (IAM) is a phrase that refers to all of the tools, processes, and policies that are used to manage user identities and control access within a company.

Two key IAM concepts are "access" and "user." "Access" refers to the actions that a user is allowed to perform (like view, create, or change a file). Employees, partners, suppliers, contractors, and customers are all examples of "users." Employees can also be divided into groups based on their job functions.

Importance of IAM

IAM is required by businesses in order to ensure internet security and boost employee productivity.

  • Traditional security generally relies on a single point of failure: the password. Your firm becomes vulnerable to attack if a user's password is compromised, or, even worse, the email address for password recovery is compromised. IAM services reduce the risk of failure by providing tools to detect errors as soon as they occur.
  • Once you've logged into your primary IAM portal, your employee won't have to worry about having the correct password or access level to complete their tasks. Not only does each person have access to the right tools for their task, but their access can also be handled as a group or position rather than individually, minimising the stress on your IT staff.
  • Managed Security Services

A managed security services provider (MSSP) is an external technology solutions business that delivers cybersecurity expertise while lowering in-house employee workload. A managed security services company is a significant resource for firms that require cybersecurity professionals to combat the growing threat of malware but do not have the cash to hire internal staff. Outsourcing allows a corporation to save money while simultaneously benefiting from the knowledge and security of managed security services.

Importance of MSS

To increase proficiency, demonstrate security effect and value, and decrease complexity, security and risk managers are increasingly outsourcing their security programmes to managed security services providers (MSSPs). You may focus on strategic security priorities while the provider handles day-to-day threat management, data security, and continuing compliance obligations with a managed security approach and trusted global partner.

  • ERP Security

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) security refers to the process of implementing efficient security measures to keep intruders out of your ERP systems. While ERP systems make life easier by connecting all of your diverse systems and departments, they are also a target for hackers.

Importance of ERP Security

An ERP system's goal is to bring together all of your administrative assets, from Human Resources to Supply Chain Management, into a single application. By centralising data and helping us to better manage our business processes, these ERP systems make our lives easier.

  • File Sharing

The process of safely transferring one or more files is referred to as secure file sharing. It allows users/organizations to share files in a safe and/or confidential manner, shielded from intruders and unauthorised users. Protected file sharing and secure file sharing are two terms for the same thing.

Importance of File Sharing

When you share files, you are broadcasting data on exposed platforms, which is a security concern. These transfers put the firm in danger of data misuse. Passwords and sensitive information are also more likely to be exposed when files are shared on unsecured servers. This is one of the many reasons why it needs to be shared securely.

  • Security Training and Certification

According to statistics, human error is responsible for over 90% of data breaches. Such mistakes can be avoided with proper instruction.

Cybersecurity training, also known as security awareness training, informs employees about new and existing cybersecurity threats, promotes employees to have a basic grasp of IT issues, and teaches them how to recognise IT security risks, store data, and respond to any security issues.

The purpose of security awareness training for many businesses is to establish a cybersecurity culture. The firm is better able to secure its sensitive data and save expenses by having an educated workforce base that knows and understands IT security essentials.